[108] In 2009, South Africa cancelled all eight aircraft, citing increasing costs. ", "Sascha Lange: The End for the Airbus A400M? The NYT also quoted a report to the French Senate from February 2009, noting: "the A400M is €5 billion over budget, 3 to 4 years behind schedule, [...] aerospace experts estimate it is also costing Airbus between €1 billion and €1.5 billion a year. ", "Airbus refunds A400M payments to Armscor. "This place would be a paradise tomorrow if every department had a supervisor with a submachine gun." Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. [35] In 2011, the ADS Group warned that shifting British orders to American aircraft for short term savings would cost more in missed business, stating that A400M technologies would be a bridge to a new generation of civil aircraft. ", "A400M close to first air drop, refuelling tests, says Airbus. ", "Paris: Engine problems prevent A400M flying at show. [117], An A400M crashed on 9 May 2015, when aircraft MSN23, on its first test flight crashed shortly after take-off from San Pablo Airport in Seville, Spain, killing four Spanish Airbus crew and seriously injuring two others. This eliminates the need to have two different "handed" engines on stock for the same aircraft, simplifying maintenance and supply costs; this configuration, dubbed down between engines (DBE), allows it to produce more lift and lessens the torque and prop wash on each wing. Project management evaluated twin and quad turbofan engine configurations, a quad propfan configuration, and a quad turboprop configuration, eventually settling on the turboprop option. [14] A later report described the revised bid as exceeding P&WC's bid by €120 million. Internal payload of up to 42,637lb of supplies, personnel and some light-class vehicles. ", "Airbus threatens to scrap A400M aircraft. [52] In July 2010, the A400M passed ultimate-load testing of the wing. ", "The Airbus A400M Atlas – Part 2 (What is So Good about It Anyway)", EADS wants A400M contract change, adds delay>", "Airbus A400M military transport reportedly too heavy and weak. [61] In May 2011, the TP400-D6 engine received certification from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). [63] Due to a gearbox problem, an A400M was shown on static display instead of a flight demonstration at the 2011 Paris Air Show. [9] Since no existing turboprop engine in the western world was powerful enough to reach the projected cruise speed of Mach 0.72, a new engine design was required. inviting Europrop to revise its offering, which it reportedly reduced in price by 10 or 20 percent. [95][96], The A400M has a removable refuelling probe mounted above the cockpit, allowing it to receive fuel from drogue-equipped tankers. Like other Airbus aircraft, the A400M has a full glass cockpit. The C-17 MTOW is 585,000 lb, while the A400M MTOW is 310,852 lb. BY TYPE. [112], In January 2017, Indonesia approved the acquisition of five A400Ms to boost the country's military airlift capabilities. [41] On 27 April 2016, Airbus warned there may be a substantial PGB repair cost. [62], The pair of propellers on each wing turn in opposite directions, with the tips of the propellers advancing from above towards the midpoint between the two engines. Furthermore, it had assumed full responsibility for the engine. Time will tell if … The rescheduled first flight, set for July 2008, was again postponed. [39] In July 2016, French aerospace laboratory ONERA confirmed successful wind tunnel trials of a 36.5 m (120 ft) hose and drogue configuration that permits helicopter refuelling. It is powered by four Europrop TP400-D6 engines rated at 8,250 kW (11,000 hp) each. [42] An interim PGB fix was certified in July 2016, greatly extending inspection intervals. The European Aviation Safety Agency issued an Airworthiness Directive mandating immediate on-wing inspection, followed by replacement if evidence of damage is found. In March 2013, the A400M received European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) certification. [106], In 2019, a German A400M in tanker configuration replaced the Airbus A310 MRTT deployed to Muwaffaq Salti Air Base in Jordan to refuel allied aircraft as part of the German intervention against ISIL. 4 x Allison T56-A-15LFE turboprop engines developing 4,508 horsepower each. [56], In late 2010, simulated icing tests were performed on the MSN1 flight test aircraft using devices installed on the wing's leading edges. [113] In March 2017, a letter of intent with Airbus was signed by Pelita Air Services which represents a consortium of Indonesian aviation companies. [68] By 2010, Airbus planned to manufacture 30 aircraft per year. It's a really, really big airplane, roughly 315,000lbs at MGTW vs ~155,000lvs for a C-130J. Glen Willcox of the RAF's Heavy Aircraft Test Squadron confirmed that reliability levels were high for an aircraft so early in its career, and that night vision goggle trials, hot and cold soaking, noise characterization tests and the first tie-down schemes for cargo had already been completed. Another PGB issue involved input pinion plug cracking, which could release small metallic particles into the oil system, which is safeguarded by a magnetic sensor; only engines 1 and 3, which have propellers that rotate to the right, are affected. It was designed for air forces without dedicated strategic airlift, to fulfill the role of both tactical transport, and strategic asset. Original budget of €3,453M increased to €5,493M in 2010. The dissimilar redundancy provides more protection against battle damage. MODERN AIR FORCES. NOTES: Shapes below depict aircraft from wingtip-to-wingtip / nose-to-tail assuming aircraft are being viewed from overhead perspective (the nose pointing towards the top of the screen). [57], During May 2012, the MSN2 flight test aircraft was due to spend a week conducting unpaved runway trials on a grass strip at Cottbus-Drewitz Airport in Germany. Typically none with transport forms though some specialized models outfitted with a variety of weapon options. The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. [132] The crash was attributed to the full authority digital engine control (FADEC) system being unable to read engine sensors properly due to an accidental file-wipe, resulting in three of its four propeller engines remaining in "Idle" mode during takeoff. [31] On 5 January 2010, Airbus repeated that the A400M may be scrapped, costing it €5.7 billion unless €5.3 billion was added by partner governments,[32] delays had already increased its budget by 25%. With the end of the Cold War, European nations began to consider development of a more capable cargolift aircraft, forming a consortium to that end. [94] Because of these benefits, the vertical stabilizer can be reduced by 17 percent in size, while the size of the horizontal stabilizer can be shrunk by 8 percent. [98], On 29 December 2013, the French Air and Space Force performed the A400M's first operational mission, the aircraft having flown to Mali in support of Operation Serval. [92], A forward-looking infrared enhanced vision system (EVS) camera provides an enhanced terrain view in low-visibility conditions. They've had to renegotiate w/ several of their european partners with threats of cancellation. [48] Enders stated: "Industrial efficiency and the step-wise introduction of the A400M's military functionalities are still lagging behind schedule and remain challenging. [109], In July 2005, the Chilean Air Force signed a Memorandum of understanding for three aircraft,[110] but no order has been placed; Chile began talks on buying the Brazilian Embraer KC-390. The hydraulic system has dual 207 bar (3,000 psi) channels powering the primary and secondary flight-control actuators, landing gear, wheel brakes, cargo door and optional hose-and-drogue refueling system. [17], The A400M is positioned as an intermediate size and range between the Lockheed C-130 and the Boeing C-17, carrying cargo too large or too heavy for the C-130 while able to use rough landing strips. In December 2005, the Royal Malaysian Air Force ordered four A400Ms to supplement its fleet of C-130 Hercules. The project has its origins in the Future International Military Airlifter (FIMA) group, which was established in 1982 as a joint venture between Aérospatiale, British Aerospace (BAe), Lockheed, and Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB) with the goal of developing a replacement for both the C-130 Hercules and Transall C-160. The A400M isn’t identical to the C-17 at all. Due to a lack of space at Wunstorf and for greater flexibility, the future air wing will be based at Lechfeld Air Base, near Augsburg which used to house the Jagdbombergeschwader 32 (disbanded in 2013). [83] The RAF lifted its suspension on A400M flights on 16 June 2015, followed the next day by the Turkish Air Force. Enrique Figueredo. Between 2009 and 2010, the A400M faced cancellation as a result of development programme delays and cost overruns; however, the customer nations chose to maintain their support for the project. You can always go back and, Strategic / Tactical Military Transport Aircraft, Tactical Transport / Multi-role / Multi-Mission Aircraft. It’s fairly obvious that the two aircraft are very much the same vehicle, but that the Atlas is the better, newer, faster, stronger version. Airbus Military stated that it found the aircraft's behaviour was "excellent". Originally, the first flight was forecast to occur during 2008 and first delivered in 2009. With it’s turboprop engines it’s designed and marketed to essentially be an oversized C-130. ", "TAI Achieves Shipment of the First A400M Component to Bremen", "El Rey estrena el Airbus 400, el mayor avión militar de fabricación europea. Final A400M delivered in March 2017. up to 66 stretchers accompanied by 25 medical personnel, cargo compartment: width 4.00-metre (13.12 ft) x height 3.85-metre (12.6 ft) x length 17.71-metre (58.1 ft) (without ramp 5.40-metre (17.7 ft)), This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 13:29. ", "Airbus admits it may scrap A400M military transport aircraft project. [59][60], By April 2011, a total of 1,400 flight hours over 450 flights had been achieved. Belgium will receive seven A400M military transport aircraft from Airbus between 2020 and 2023. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. [11] A PricewaterhouseCoopers audit projected that it would run €11.2 billion over budget, and that corrective measures would result in an overrun of €7.6 billion. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. [76], In May 2015, it was revealed that the member nations had created a Programme Monitoring Team (PMT) to review and monitor progress in the A400M's development and production. [70], The first flight, originally scheduled for early 2008, was postponed due to delays and financial pressures. Helicopter widths include main rotor diameter. Ldr. BY CONFLICT. The project began as the Future International Military Airlifter (FIMA) group, set up in 1982 by Aérospatiale, British Aerospace (BAe), Lockheed, and Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB) to develop a replacement for the C-130 Hercules and Transall C-160. [84] On 19 June 2015, deliveries restarted. These revealed an aerodynamic issue causing horizontal tail buffeting, resolved via a six-week retrofit to install anti-icing equipment fed with bleed air; production aircraft are similarly fitted. Airbus completed certification flight tests for the A400M Cargo Hold Tanks (CHT) refuelling unit in 2019, taking a major step toward the aircraft’s full certification for aerial tanker duties. [11][12] A Europrop member executive said on 16 April that Airbus was close to selecting the P&WC offer, claiming it was more than €400 million (USD$436.7 million) cheaper than Europrop's bid. The PMT inspects the final assembly line in Seville and other production sites. ", "Pictures: New-look A400M readied for icing trials. [29] On 24 July 2009, the seven European nations announced that the programme would proceed and formed a joint procurement agency to renegotiate the contract. With the addition of Alenia of Italy and CASA of Spain, the FIMA group became Euroflag. These nations decided to charge the Organisation for Joint Armament Cooperation (OCCAR) with the management of the acquisition of the A400M. [57] Winter tests were done in Kiruna, Sweden during February 2011. The max payload weight is similar: 170,900 lb for the C-17, and 81,600 lb for the A400M. [92], The A400M has a T-tail empennage. The EVS imagery is displayed on the HUD for low altitude flying, demonstrating its value for flying tactical missions at night or in cloud. [85] In June 2016, the French Air Force accepted its ninth A400M, the first capable of conducting tactical tasks such as airdropping supplies. [1] On 8 April 2010, the second A400M made its first flight. Instead, there are two electrical systems; one is a set of dual-channel electrically powered hydraulic actuators, the other an array of electrically/hydraulically powered hybrid actuators. [54] By October 2010, the A400M had flown 672 hours of the 2,700 hours expected to reach certification. The aircraft are part of the contract signed by Belgium in 2001 to replace the aging C-130s in service with the Belgian Air Force since 1972. COUNTRIES. [34], In June 2009, Lockheed Martin said that both the UK and France had requested details on the C-130J as an alternative to the A400M. [103] German Air Force Inspector Ingo Gerhartz called this a "milestone" because it was the first such mission in an active war zone and showed that the armoring kit was fully functional. Facebook; Twitter; Pinterest; Instagram; Select Language Major assemblies built at other facilities abroad were brought to the Seville facility by Airbus Beluga transporters. It was designed by Airbus Military(now Airbus Defence and Space) as a tactical airlifter with strategic capabilities to replace older transport aircraft, such as theTransall C-160 and the Lockheed C-130 Hercules.The A400M is positioned, in terms of size, between the C-130 and the C-17; it can carry … [93] The eight-bladed scimitar propellers are made from a woven composite material. [43], In May 2016, Airbus confirmed that a cracking behaviour identified during quality control checks in 2011 was found in a French A400M's fuselage part; not affecting safety, it could be repaired during regular maintenance/upgrade schedules. During 1989, Lockheed decided to withdraw from the grouping; it went on to indepen… [36], On 5 November 2010, Belgium, Britain, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Spain and Turkey finalised the contract and agreed to lend Airbus Military €1.5 billion. [13] Then as the original deadline for the engine decision passed, Airbus CEO Noel Forgeard said P&WC's bid was nearly 20 percent less expensive and declared that "As of today Pratt and Whitney is the winner without doubt, a much lower offer could make us change our minds." ", "A400M Engine Wins Safety Certification. [33] Airbus executives reportedly regarded the A400M as competing for resources with the A380 and A350 XWB programmes. [44][45] The aluminium alloy, known as 7X6,[clarification needed] was used in several central frames; its chemistry, along with environmental conditions, led to crack propagation. [15], The original partner nations were France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom, Turkey, Belgium, and Luxembourg. Comparing the Airbus Military A400M (Atlas) Strategic / Tactical Military Transport Aircraft against the Lockheed C-130 Hercules Tactical Transport / Multi-role / Multi-Mission Aircraft. "[49], Before the first flight, required airborne test time on the Europrop TP400 engine was gained using a Lockheed C-130 testbed aircraft, which first flew on 17 December 2008. In February 2008, four Europrop TP400-D6 flight test engines were delivered for the first A400M. [97] It can also act as a tanker when fitted with two wing mounted hose and drogue under-wing refuelling pods or a centre-line Hose and Drum unit. As with the A380, there is no third hydraulic system. [115], In March 2018, the Indonesian Air Force and state entity Indonesia Trading Company (ITC) announced they were considering ordering two A400Ms which would be crewed by the Indonesian Air Force and act in an air freight role helping to balance the prices of goods across the archipelago, they were interested in its ability to operate from rough landing strips where a normal air freighter could not and the possibility of industrial offsets. Airbus noted: "pending full replacement of the batch, any aircraft can continue to fly with no more than one affected propeller gear box installed and is subject to continuing inspections." The alloy was excluded from future aircraft; a retrofit to remove it from early A400Ms was considered, which could take up to seven months. Varying requirements and the complications of international politics meant that progress on the initiative was slow. On 26 June 2008, the A400M was rolled out in Seville at an event presided by King Juan Carlos I of Spain. [37], In 2013, France's budget for 50 aircraft was €8.9bn (~US$11.7bn) at a unit cost of €152.4m (~US$200m), or €178m (~US$235m) including development costs. The cargo box is 17.71 m (58.1 ft) long excluding ramp, 4.00 m (13.12 ft) wide, and 3.85 m (12.6 ft) high (or 4.00 m (13.12 ft) aft of the wing). * The origins of the C-17 can actually be traced, if indirectly, to work byFrench aircraft designer Louis Breguet in the 1950s on a "short take-off &landing (STOL)" transport aircraft. [25] On 3 April 2009, the South African Air Force announced that it was considering alternatives to the A400M due to delays and increased cost. [18] It has been advertised with the tagline "transport what the C130 cannot to places that the C17 can't". [20] EADS maintained the first deliveries would begin three years after the first flight. The first aircraft was delivered to the French Air and Space Force in August 2013. Sqn. "Evaluación de los Programas Especiales de Armamento (PEAs)" (in Spanish). In March 2015, the RAF's first operational mission occurred flying cargo to RAF Akrotiri, Cyprus. Air-to-air refuelling can be done either through two wing-mounted hose and drogue under … ... El Airbus A400M es un avión de transporte militar de largo alcance y avión cisterna propulsado por cuatro motores turbohélice, diseñado por la corporación europea Airbus Military para cubrir las necesidades de transporte aéreo de los países europeos. "[28], In 2009, Airbus acknowledged that the programme was expected to lose at least €2.4 billion and could not break even without export sales. Its vertical stabilizer is 8.02 m (26.3 ft) tall, while the horizontal stabilizer spans 19.03 m (62.4 ft) with a sweep of 32.5 degrees. [38] As the A400M was unable to perform helicopter in-flight refuelling, France announced in 2016 that it would purchase four C-130Js. BY DECADE. [50] On 11 December 2009, the A400M's maiden flight was carried out from Seville. Cargo capacity is expected to double over existing aircraft, both in payload and volume, and range is increased substantially as well. First non-NATO country to purchase the A400M. Along with the transport role, the A400M can perform aerial refueling and medical evacuation when fitted with appropriate equipment. So what you get is faster, longer-ranged, heavier-payload C130 able to carry pretty much any military load. ", "Fresh doubts over A400M as Europe tightens its belt. The issue, involving a heat treatment process that weakened the ring gear, affected no other PGBs; the units involved needed changing. If any dimensional values are "NA" in the database then the presented shapes may appear skewed. The A400m was intended by airbus to replace europe's C130 and C160 fleet, and though the a400m has a much heavier load than the hercules, they arent even in the same class as the C17. It has the capability to carry very heavy loads and can even land in airstrips that are tough to land in. Designed for the aviation enthusiast. Comparison of Boeing C-17 Globemaster III and Airbus Military A400M (Atlas) Direct side-by-side comparison of two aircraft. The Airbus A400M Atlas[nb 1][5][6] is a European four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft. Originally, the SNECMA M138 turboprop (based on the M88 turbofan core) was selected, but this powerplant was found to be incapable of satisfying the requirements. The programme was then at least three years behind schedule. [73][74] On 9 August 2013, the first Turkish A400M conducted its maiden flight from Seville;[75] in March 2015, Malaysia received its first A400M. Guardado por Trashbagman. The A400M's maiden flight, originally planned for 2008, took place on 11 December 2009 from Seville Airport, Spain. Airbus’ A400M Atlas was envisioned decades ago by a consortium of European military forces as a strategic transport aircraft capable of replacing aging C-130s and C-160s. Order reduced from 60 to 53 (plus 7 options). It was made to replace planes such as the Lockheed C-130 Hercules and the Transall C-160. [66], Assembly of the first A400M began at the Seville plant of EADS Spain in early 2007. Flown 672 hours of the A380, there is no third hydraulic system items showcased on site. 20.0 kg/s ) provides the new Multi-Colour infrared Alerting Sensor ( MIRAS missile. Brought to the Seville plant of EADS Spain in early 2007 damage is found Globemaster... Strips and for long-range, cargo transport flights but modified for the Airbus A400M del Ejercito Aire. Times reported that Airbus lacked an integrated approach to production, development and retrofits, treating these as separate.. Max payload weight is similar: 170,900 lb for the A400M passed ultimate-load testing of a bi-national.. Twice the payload as the A400M has a T-tail empennage which it reportedly reduced price... A T-tail empennage 's a really, really big airplane, roughly 315,000lbs at MGTW vs for... 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Sensor ( MIRAS ) missile warning Sensor for the A400M 's maiden flight, set for July 2008, postponed... State-Owned Denel Saab Aerostructures receiving a contract for fuselage components was forecast to during! Pods can transfer fuel to other aircraft airbus a400m vs c130 a rate of 2,640 (... Air forces without dedicated strategic airlift, to fulfill the role of both transport! Propeller driven aircraft where all propellers turn counterclockwise and the Transall C-160 ] varying requirements and FH386! Delivered in 2009 none with transport forms though some specialized models outfitted with a variety of weapon options when comes... Of Italy and revision of procurement totals, the second A400M made first...