Since Eastern psychologies are inwardly focused, they may appear to be narcissistic or nihilistic. It celebrates the self, and yet it’s the opposite of selfishness. application/pdf While Western psychology seems to reflect an … endobj Since we think and act in accordance with these illusions, we invariably suffer … In Western society, the individual rules. As people age, self-perceptions become much more detailed and organized as people form a better idea of who they are and what is important to them. Reductionism, while useful in certain applications, is not helpful in understanding the person. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. <> Similarities and differences in society. 11 0 obj The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of respect. endobj The "Me" concept. 57 0 obj Terms such as nirvana, satori, realization, awakening, and enlightenment denote the highest state of spiritual and psychological development and transcendence. Eastern philosophy also thrives on … 2. Clearly, human beings cannot be reduced to parts but must be understood within the context of the whole. The self has been conceptualized in a variety of ways by European and American theorists who have addressed a number of different contexts of human behavior. endobj Another important characteristic of Eastern and Western systems of virtue ethics is the integration of personal and professional life. 2018-10-12T20:23:10-07:00 Eastern_and_Western_Concepts_of_Self - View presentation slides online. And this has consequences for society, the workplace, family, even relationships. In other words, it assumes that we humans are… For example, in Taoism, through wu wei (the attitude of noninterference with the nature of things) one learns to live and act in harmony and go with the flow of events and situations. This answer is informed by New Age ideology. The self-concept is a knowledge representation that contains knowledge about us, including our beliefs about our personality traits, physical characteristics, abilities, values, goals, and roles, as well as the knowledge that we exist as individuals. H��Wmo�6��_��� 1"%�%���i��I��]1�à�J�ő�$�~�([Y[`��������s���(��������zt0��Bi1���y��,��l4��*��"�O'�e2�"ʕLc�����(�dYI"Ƌ R�\�\���A�i~��@�b� Similarities between the concept of the self and the concept of emotion: There is no agreed upon definition of the self or for emotion. In Eastern philosophy , though, the self is often treated as an illusion. They’re not passive observers; they are active participants in life, selecting actions in harmony with nature. Due to its Christian influence, there has to be a beginning and end to find meaning. In contrast, the Western civilization is more individualistic, trying to find the meaning of life here and now with self at the center as it is already given and part of the divine. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> Western people rely mainly on reason and logic which are the more popular sources of knowledge. Basically, the oriental society has a deep family concept and is unavoidable. Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy. Humans are intersubjective beings interacting with other people and environmental factors in a constant state of flux. Understanding the Self Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. Although some Eastern conceptions of the self, most notably those derived from Hinduism, which center on the Vedic notion of the atman or soul, are similar to Western ideas of the self, Buddhist psychology provides a radically In doing so, one might be able to shed light on one’s own views of the Self, and perhaps arrive at some ... Wolter: In Search of the Self: Eastern versus Western Perspectives Published by DigitalCommons@Kennesaw State University, 2012. The concept that love comes after marriage is also promoted by these marriages. The self is located at the center within the individual through which the world is perceived. The Eastern philosophy is drawn much more into groups or society or people’s actions and thoughts as one in order to find meaning in life as they try to get rid of the false “me” concept and find meaning in discovering the true “me” in relation to everything around them, or as part of a bigger scheme. Eastern Self/Western Self By Linda Heuman May 08, ... We tend to assume that Asians experience self-identity in the same way we do—that they are the same equation, ... She traces the source of these differences to deeper differences in the fundamental structures of Asian and Western self … The article examines the Western ideas concerning how the self is constructed and how it relates to perception and experience. endobj The approaches of Buddhism, Taoism, Vedanta, or yoga are not easily comparable to religious or philosophical systems as we understand them in the West. Prince 9.0 rev 5 (www.princexml.com) In Western culture, people typically form congregations and worship together at a specific place and time. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> Appligent AppendPDF Pro 5.5 Eastern culture bel… endobj The true “Me” in every human being is a … THE WESTERN CONCEPT OF THE SEI,F 5 when she writes, "As an American researcher, I had been taught to act: independence, mastery, competence, were deemed key vir-tues." But when she interacted with native Japanese, she states, "I felt keenly the deconstruction of the self into various constituents at war with one another" (Kondo 1986:78). In Western thought, people tend to answer affirmatively and think of the self as an entity separate from others. endobj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> Western concept of self 94s an individualistic self that is deeply aware of itself, its uniqueness, sense of direction, purpose and volition(act of making choice). In Buddhism the no-self is called anatman. comparison and bring out the essential features inherent in the eastern and western traditions. Buddhism, by contrast, recognized no substance and saw reality not in terms of things but in Individualism – favours the individual as an independent entity and encourages self-promotion and self-worth. The Concept of ‘The Self’ in Western and Eastern Traditions. In Western thought, people tend to answer affirmatively and think of the self as an entity separate from others. There is no soul and no-self. 15 0 obj The east takes time and has patience. The self is located at the center within the individual through which the world is perceived. A person could not act one way at home and a completely different way in public, especially civic leaders, merchants, teachers, and rulers. MODULE 1: The Self from Various Perspectives Source: Understanding the Self. Buddha spoke about the emptiness of the form, in the sense that the form is the physical body, and the human being is just impermanence. Eastern traditions teach that everything is impermanent. Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives Page, Richard C.; Berkow, Daniel N. 1991-04-01 00:00:00 Richard C. Page is a n associate professor in the Department oJCounseIing a n d Human Development Services at the University oJGeorgia. uuid:0c6cbe0d-a9d4-11b2-0a00-10b5a2d6ff7f 2 0 obj Eastern concepts of the ego differ from Western concepts. Eastern and Western philosophy published 12-1-2014 Here I start a series on differences and similarities between Eastern and Western philosophy, and my position in that. endobj These frequent gatherings create a sense of community within a community and people will socialize after services. Western Ethics, on the other hand, has more of an emphasis on self and what is rationally or logically true. Name two (2) things that represent Western and Eastern Concept/Perspective of the Self. THE SELF IN WESTERN. 3 0 obj Use PDF export for high quality prints and SVG export for large sharp images or embed your diagrams anywhere with the Creately viewer. Buddhist thought and Western philosophy include several parallels.. Furthermore, Western Ethics places more emphasis on law and justice, whereas Eastern Ethics states that one must do what is right and expected and the universe will take care of the rest. Similarities between the concept of the self and the concept of emotion: There is no agreed upon definition of the self or for emotion. Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. Eastern and Western religions also differ in the way people worship them. We want validation for our own self … It is evident that there exists a pluralism with respect to the existence of the self, as well as that some Western authors have similar views to the Eastern concept of the self (e. g. Hume). 5 0 obj "'[�?��u,�TG�AHƓ_�����Q�d����T"�, In Search of the Self: Eastern versus Western Perspectives. 10 0 obj 2018-10-12T20:23:10-07:00 Athens. Eastern psychologies maintain that, as a result of social and self-conditioning, our ambitions, beliefs, desires, expectations, preconceptions, and views of the nature of reality are illusory. East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. At the end of this lesson, you should be able to: 1. Student Gateway Faculty & Staff Gateway  Donate, 888.308.0032 | 55 Eureka Street Pasadena, CA 91103 | Privacy Policy | © 2019 Saybrook University | Consumer Disclosures, In Blog, Human Experience, Mind-Body Medicine, 5 different types of therapy in psychology, 5 career paths for a Ph.D. in social work, Connecting guided imagery and motivational interviewing in meditation class. Wanhyo states that “Thinking makes good and bad.” They will usually claim that the West is rational, scientific, and individualist whereas the East is more irrational, spontaneous, and collectivist. There is no soul and no-self. Eastern culture has a circular view of the universe that is based upon the perception of eternal recurrence whereas Western culture has a linear view of the universe that is based on the Christian philosophy that everything has a beginning and an end. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. In the Eastern view, we are all in need of “therapy” (normal or disturbed alike) since few of us are functioning free from the influence of delusions, projections, or uncurbed desires. Christopher I. Beckwith has identified a translation of the Buddhist three marks of existence, in Pyrrho's teachings. However, through the process of meditation and mindfulness, we are able to examine the inner workings of our mind and come to understand the nature of illusion and how it arises. <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 3 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Type/Page>> If you are interested in learning more about the community and academic programs at Saybrook University, fill out the form below to request more information. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and … Perspective of Western and Eastern Theories of the Self EASTERN 1. <>stream One of … Western Concept of life is linear as it is concerned with absolute beginnings or endings in time and space. Thus, we come to a more authentic and genuine view of reality. (NB) We value personal achievements over group efforts. It is often suggested that contrasting Eastern vs. Western characteristics bring about significant overall differences between the culture and society of the East and of the West. In Eastern philosophy , though, the self is often treated as an illusion. Presents cross-cultural comparison of the Buddhist perspective with the Western perspective to reveal culturally based assumptions about the nature of the self. In the West, the ego (regardless of the various ways in which theorists define it) is seen as central to identity and personality. 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